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IE O K t T- El » 

^ APR 24 1936 


Our Stokesdale Proving Grounds has been the scene of our most important breeding work on 

Tomatoes for the past four years 


DOWN near the mouth of the Thames is a point called The Start. That light marks the commencement of 
the great voyages. Stokesdale might as aptly be named The Start, for here, too, great journeys commence. 
This outdoor laboratory of ours covers less than 10 acres, but it is the starting-point of important production 
for the Tomato industry. Choices made at Stokesdale are multiplied thousands of times within a three-year period. 

Each of our breeding-plots is the product of minutely studied singles. These comparatively small stock-seed 
areas are multiplied for seed-production to about 500 acres the following summer. (This acreage is all under 
state inspection for certification.) These 500 acres are increased to 50,000 acres in commercial production 
the summer after that. Thus the multiplication table works at high speed in Tomato propagation. 

If Stokesdale stands for anything, it must stand as the symbol of thoroughness of detail, accuracy of measure- 
ment, and experience in judgment. Customers are cordially invited to visit us whenever possible. August is 
the best month. We are 20 minutes distant from Philadelphia by automobile, taking Route 38 from the 
Camden Airport. It requires two hours to motor from New York, taking Route 2 5 to Cinnaminson, thence 
4 miles to Moorestown. We were honored by visits this past year from persons coming from as far away as 
Arizona, Texas, Cuba, and Florida. The hand of hospitality is held out to you. 


Breeders and Growers of Totnatoes 
Sanford, Florida Corpus Christi, Texas Weslaco, Texas St. Catharines, Ontario 

A mistake in judgment here will affect production on 50,000 acres three j ears hence 


Copyright 1936, F. C. S. & Co., Inc. 


It has been a growing conviction with us that in order to do a 
job supremely well, one must not only completely master it but im- 
mensely enjoy it. Most of us are fitted by training or aptitudes to 
accomplish certain kinds of work better than other kinds. Will Rogers 
once said, "If ten men went on a hunting trip, you would soon learn 
which was the best cook and which was the best hunter to bring in 
the meat. You would find that each excelled in something useful to all." 

For the last ten of our fifty-four years as seedsmen, our principal 
interest has been in Tomato breeding. We have now decided, 
obviously with mingled feelings, to devote our attention completely 
to Tomato products, leaving the enormously complex problems at- 
tendant on the breeding of other vegetables to those who by training, 
technique, and location are better suited to handle them. (This de- 
cision does not immediately affect our southern branches.) 

We are quite content to let others take the strings out of beans, 
the cores out of carrots, and the curves out of cucumbers. We will 
devote our energies to the development of bigger and better, deeper 
and sweeter Tomatoes. That in itself, we think, is a man-size job. 
In this connection we would remind you that it is much less than 
100 years ago that the despised Love Apple was looked upon as deadly 
poison. Today it is the Number One vegetable in the United States. 

In abandoning the general line of vegetables, we wish sincerely 
to express our gratitude for the long years of support we have received 
from the gardening public. It is our deep conviction that as specialists 
we will make a more authentic contribution to the agricultural 
economy of our country than will be possible as general seedsmen. 

The exactions of modern business are constantly demanding greater and greater precision. To do one thing very 
well is the new order, rather than to do many things quite well. It is on this premise that we humbly but resolutely 
make our choice, and take as our new slogan, "Stokes for Tomato." 


'The attainment of perfection in anything 
is a goal worth striving for" 

Study of interior structure and millimeter measurement with calipers is 
daily routine in our breeding plots 



Strong, Certified Plants Ready April 27 

In 193 5 our Company sold the equivalent of 2 5 carloads of plants from Georgia and the Carolinas. For the 
most part, our customers were enormously pleased with the results. There are two sides of the business, however, 
which are badly in need of correction. First, we have decided completely to eliminate less-than-carload shipments. 
The delays and the rough handling of such shipments are such as to discourage our continuing them. For the 
most part, we were able to group our orders together so that our customers received their plants out of solid cars, 
and from all such deliveries the results were far more satisfactory. 

The second point to which we are devoting our best energies is the question of collar rot. Regardless of our 
best vigilance and of our adhering strictly to the rules laid down by the southern officials, collar rot developed 
in the fields of a number of our customers. This disease is due to an organism {Macrosporium solani) which is 
invisible to the naked eye. It is an infection which may be carried in the wind, by mist, on the clothing of the 
workers, or by almost any other agency. The officials of the Department of Entomology of the State of Georgia 
are making a sincere and eff^ective effort to control the disease. Our Georgia plant acreage is completely under 
their supervision. We are following both the spirit and the letter of their instructions and their rules, which this 
year include winter disinfection of the seed with bichloride of mercury, it being recently shown that this 
collar rot organism can be present on the surface of the seed, even though it had been previously disinfected at 
the time of harvest. Dr. Julian Miller has, we feel, made an important discovery in this regard and the State 
of Georgia is to be congratulated. 

Our plants are being grown from our own seed, precisely the same stock that is off^ered in this Catalog. 
Tomato plants will be ready April 2 7. This offer of plants is made only to customers who can either buy in car 
lots or can take delivery at one of our New Jersey points, which include Moorestown, Woodbury, and 
Bridgeton. Precise schedules will be announced later. Solid cars, of course, can be delivered anywhere. 

The plants will be strong, hardy, field-grown stock which is well rooted and well hardened. Our packing is 
done with great care, with ample quantities of sphagnum moss being used. The schedule of varieties and shipping 
dates noted below will be adhered to as strictly as the weather permits. Your inquiries and orders are respect- 
fully solicited. 

Transportation charges allowed to northern points. 

VARIETIES: 3 Approximate shipping season ( $« c/j a aa/) 

Stokes Master Marglobe, and Rutgers \ April 27 to June 10 \ 


1. Plant Pedigreed Stocks 

The losses consequent to carelessness in planting run-out, 
off-type, low-producing strains are difficult to compute. Such 
stocks are partly responsible for the 3-ton yields that are so 
prevalent. The growers who are making the profits in Toma- 
toes are planting nothing but strains that are bred for their 
special purpose — stocks that have been disinfected for seed- 
borne diseases and have recently been tested for strong 
germination and high vitality. 

2. Southern Plants Are a Success 

All indications show that they are here to stay, for the reason 
that a stronger plant can be bought for less money. This, of 
course, does not apply to the men who use blocked plants. 
Both growers and state officials are putting up a winning 
fight against diseases. Our one note of warning is that you 
make certain that the plants you receive from the South have 
been grown from seed that has a pedigree. This last year's 
records again prove that most of the heaviest acreages in the 
North were produced from Southern-grown plants. 

3. Handle Your Plants Carefully 

If you are using Southern plants, and if you trench them 
before planting, thoroughly wet down the trench, place the 
plants in it, fill the trench, and then wet it down again. Under 
no circumstances should you have flowing water in the trench 
itself, for if there are disease organisms on any of your plants 
you are likely to spread them down the whole row. Plants 
of the Marglobe type are usually spaced 4 feet apart in the 
row, in rows 5 feet apart. In the latitude of Philadelphia we 
recommend that the plants be set in the field as near May 1 
as possible. 

4. Have Your Soil Analyzed 

Calcium and magnesium are very essential to the growth of 
Tomatoes, but if there is plenty of organic matter in the soil, 
deficiency of these is not so serious. The use of finely ground 
dolomitic limestone, 300-screen, is strongly recommended. 
We are of the opinion that any great deficiency of these ele- 
ments may have a direct connection with heavy infestations of 
collar rot and other diseases. 

5. Use Plenty of Fertilizer 

Many of our customers are succeeding with Tomatoes with 
an application of stable manure, some with an application of 
chemical fertilizer. A combination of both is recommended 
when available. Your County Agent can make recommenda- 
tions on this after the soil analysis. A good standard formula 
is 5-10-8, 800 pounds in the row and 200 pounds as a side- 
dressing after the plants have been in the field about a month. 

6. Cultivate Constantly 

For this we recommend two-horse riding cultivators with 
1-inch teeth next to the plant and 2-inch teeth in the centers. 
The field will bear cultivating once a week. Cross the rows 
with a one-horse cultivator. Crab grass and weeds must be 
kept down. As one good grower has said, "One crop at a 
time is enough for any field." 

7. Keep Ahead of Potato Bugs and Tomato Worms 

The important matter of spraying must not be neglected. 
A combination of calcium arsenate and Bordeaux Mixture is 
very desirable. Use plenty of pressure on your pump — ^at 
least 200 pounds. Good, ready-mixed formulas are now 
commercially available at a reasonable cost. 

8. Watch Your Picking 

This is a vitally important factor in Tomato profits. It will 
undoubtedly profit you to pay your pickers by the day and not 
by the basket. If you do not believe this, give it a trial. We 
have some very illuminating figures on the subject. One grower 
reports an average cost of 3.7 cents per basket. But the real 
gain is shown on the inspection platform. It will pay any 
grower to be with his men in the field as much as possible. 
The man who won the prize for first quality in New Jersey in 
1935 invariably stored his Tomatoes under a tarpaulin for a 
12-hour period before delivering them to the cannery. His 
season's averages were as follows: U. S. No. 1, 86 per cent; 
U. S. No. 2, 13 per cent; Culls, 1 per cent. His net profit per 
acre was in excess of $135. He used Stokes Master Marglobe, 
Southern-grown plants. 

Stokesdale Proving Grounds on occasion of a midsummer field meeting 

Erdman Air Seriice 


STOKESDALE (1936 introduction) 


Stokesdale is not just "another To- 
mato." Its profit-making qualities will 
be quickly seen by experienced growers. 
The development in such a short season 
of these large, modern-type Tomatoes 
cannot fail to surprise and delight you. 
But there is another factor that may give 
Stokesdale a permanent place in the 
records — its rare and delicious flavor. Do 
not mistake the importance of that. 
Remember — it's the repeat business that 


Introduced by Stokes in 1936. 

Name Stokesdale is not "dedicated to the 


Days to maturity: 108. 

Germination: 96 per cent or better. 

Dates of tests: November-December, 1935. 

Disinfection: Mercuric Chloride, 1 to 2,000. 

Ratio of depth to width: 80 per cent. 

Interior: Remarkably solid. 

Color: Intense scarlet. Ripens from inside out. 

Average weight of fruit: 8 ounces. 


Earliness, size, depth, interior color, and freedom from stem-crook are favorable features of Stokesdale 

We have named this Tomato for our Stokesdale Proving Grounds, where it originated. We are giving 
it the place of honor in this Catalog because we feel that it deserves it. Admitting that one or two more years' 
work will be required further to perfect and fix its type, we already look on it as a distinguished Tomato. It is 
an extra-early type, maturing some two weeks in advance of Stokes Master Marglobe, at the same time having many 
of the important fruit characteristics of that variety. There is one outstanding point of difference — Stokesdale 
ripens from the inside out. It must be remembered that Stokesdale is now only in its fourth generation, whereas 
Stokes Master Marglobe is in its twelfth. For that reason the same perfection of type must not yet be expected 
in the two stocks. 

Stokesdale is enthusiastically recommended to growers who either can profit by a quick-maturing Tomato 
or who, because of high latitude or altitude, must have a Tomato that will ripen in a short season. This factor 
is particularly important in the northern tier states and in Canada, where full crops of Stokes Master Marglobe 
have not been possible. 

Stokesdale originated in our seed-breeding grounds at Moorestown in 1933. It was found in a single plant- 
selection of Bonny Best. Whether it was a mutation from that variety or whether it was an accidental cross between 
Bonny Best and Marglobe, we do not know. The fact remains that a new Tomato was found under these con- 
ditions, and its rare qualities of earliness, size, flavor, interior solidity, and interior color were promptly recog- 
nized. Since that time we have been making single plant-selections from it at Stokesdale, at the old Floracroft 
Greenhouses, and at the trial-grounds of our company establishment at Weslaco, Texas. We now have a very 
limited amount of seed to offer. The supply this year will not be adequate for the demand, but we want it to be 
spread as far as possible in order to give it complete tryouts in all parts of the country. 

If you are one of those growers who can profit by quick maturity, do not fail to give Stokesdale space in your 
operation. You will be vastly impressed with the fact that here is a Tomato of the extra-early classification with 
the inherent qualities of a modern, main-season variety. The trade has been looking for that combination for 
a long time. It is foolish to predict the future of any new variety, but our feeling about Stokesdale is that it will 
take a place of prominence. It is possible that it may replace such Tomatoes as Earliana, Bonny Best, John Baer, 
and even Pritchard. However, like all other new things, it must be given a country-wide trial before its place is 
fixed. We urge that you give Stokesdale a full test. It is possible that it ivill rebuild your entire Tomato schedule. 

Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. $1; 1/401. $1.75/ 1/202. $3; oz. $5; V4lb. $17.50 




Bred Jor High 
Production and 
High Perfection 

Introduced by Stokes in 1930. 
Trade-Mark Registered. Use of name pro- 
hibited to unlicensed firms. 
Days to maturity: 118. 
Certified 193 5 by New Jersey Department 
of Agriculture. 

Germination: 95 per cent or better. 
Dates of tests: November-December, 1935. 
Disinfection: Mercuric Chloride, 1 to 2,000. 
Ratio of depth to width: 95 per cent. 
Interior: Completely coreless, heavy in 

Color: Brilliant scarlet when ripe. 
Average weight of fruit: 6 ounces. 



Stokes Master Marglobe is now generally conceded to he 
one of the great varieties. We have devoted eight years to 
its development. Its present wide acceptance comes as 
a result of the most detailed planning, supported by 
thoroughness and care in developing these plans. It has 
required 369 acres (all state certified) for the production 
of our 1936 seed-supply, but already, two months before 
the main planting season opens, we are 80 per cent sold. 
Almost any good thing is imitated by those who are un- 
willing to lay their own groundwork. Planters desiring 
the genuine Stokes Master Marglobe are urged to make 
certain that they are securing the original stock. For your 
protection, and for the protection of our own heavy 
investment — running well into five figures — the name 
Stokes Master Marglobe is now guarded by a Registered 

Stokes Master Marglobe has been bred both as a ship- 
ping and a manufacturing Tomato. Both require heavy 
production, and that has been our first consideration. No 
Tomato can now attain full success on the large northern 
markets unless it has depth and interior solidity. The 


consumer rightly demands that extra slice, and the trades- 
man rightly demands keeping quality. 

The manufacturer of Tomatoes must have a raw 
product high in solids, low in mold count, and pleasing 
in flavor. These are assured in Stokes Master Marglobe 
by its interior structure, its freedom from blossom-end 
scar, and a richness of taste that has seldom been equaled. 
Its color is dependent on its degree of ripeness, and ripe- 
ness is dependent on vigilance with the picking crew, 
supplemented by a 12-hour storage under a tarpaulin 
before factory delivery. Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts./ 
oz. 50 cts.; V4lb. $1.50; lb. $5. 


In addition to securing a Regis- 
tered Trade-Mark for the name 
Stokes Master Marglobe, we have 
further protected the variety by 
packing it under a label which is 
also guarded by a Registered 
Trade-Mark. Don't plant an imi- 
tation unless you are willing to 
harvest an imitation. 




Strain No. 6-87 is a refined type of Stokes Master 
Marglobe, averaging 5 ounces per fruit. An increasing 
number of our customers report marked success with this 
strain under glass. There are three definite points in its 
tavor: (1) It is an easy setting, and therefore, heavy 
producing, variety. (2) It develops fruit of a size that is 
popular with the housewife in winter. (3) The interior 
Master structure is ideal for salads. 

Place at a distance of 18 inches in the bench and 
prune to 2-way runners. Under normal conditions of 
temperature, sunlight, and fertilization, production of 
from 10 to 12 pounds per plant is not unusual. All 
of this seed has been produced on our Stokesdale Prov- 
ing Grounds. Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. $1; V40Z. $1.75/ 
V20Z. $3/ oz. $5; Vilh. $17.50. 


Introduced by Stokes in 1935. 
Days to maturity: 118. 

Certified 1935 by New Jersey Department of 

Germination: 96 per cent or better. 
Dates of tests: November-December, 1935. 
Disinfection: Mercuric Chloride, 1 to 2,000. 
Ratio of depth to width: 95 per cent. 
Interior: Coreless and solid. 
Color: Brilliant scarlet when ripe. 
Average weight of fruit: 5 ounces. 




This photograph speaks for itself. We have only to say that it portrays part of the Lange family 
out in their Earliana field on their farm near Swedesboro, N. J. 

Sparks' Earliana was introduced by Johnson & 
Stokes, our honored forebears, in 1900. For over 
30 years this variety has held a respected position as 
the leader of the extra-early class. Some five years ago 
our Gloucester County neighbor, Mr. Ernest Lange, 
found a plant in his Earliana field which had developed 
an unusually heavy crown setting. Mr. Lange saved 
this seed, and, after making further selections, sold 
the introductory rights to our Company. 

The unusual success of the variety is obviously due 
to the fact that fully half of the crop is available during 
the first 10 days of harvest. The above photograph 
tells the story better than we can. This crop was set 
out in Gloucester County, New Jersey, the first week 
in May. The first ripe Tomato was gathered on June 
17. The first five baskets were gathered on June 22, 
and thereafter 50 to 100 baskets were gathered daily. 
It is not at all uncommon for the crown-set to carry 
6 to 12 fully developed fruits. The specimen photo- 
graph in color is typical of the type. Lange's Earliana 
is still an Earliana. It nevertheless is a fine representa- 
tive of its class. 

Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts.,- V20Z. 60 cts. 

OZ. $1; V4lb. $3.50; lb. $12 


Introduced by Stokes in 1933. Days to maturity: 110. 

Germination: 95 per cent or better. 

Dates of tests: November-December, 1935. 

Disinfection: Mercuric Chloride, 1 to 2,000. 

Ratio of depth to width: 7 5 per cent. Interior: Open. 

Color: Light scarlet when ripe. 

Average weight of fruit: 5 ounces. 




Messrs. Hall, Schermerhorn, and Stokes at 
our Company proving grounds 


Introduced by New Jersey Experi- 
ment Station, 1935. 
Days to maturity: 118. 
Certified '3 5 by N.J. Dept. of Agric. 
Germination: 92 per cent or better. 
Date of test: December, 193 5. 
Ratio of depth to width: 7 5 per cent. 
Interior: Solid. 

Color: Intense scarlet. Ripens from 
inside out. 

Average weight of fruit: 8 ounces. 

This Tomato in its present form is of doubtful market value, and is not 
recommended for shippers. Too large a proportion of the fruit is heavy 
and flat and will not pack well in the lug box. The Rutgers has been de- 
veloped as a cannery Tomato and as such it may establish a place of impor- 
tance. Its most striking feature is its brilliant interior color, a factor which 
counts 30 per cent in the Government grading of Tomato juice. However, the 
Government counts flavor at 40 per cent, and so far we are not much im- 
pressed by the flavor of Rutgers. The rough types may eventually be elimi- 
nated by further selection. We, of course, can only report on the stock as 
we find it. Rutgers was given a thorough test under varying conditions this 
past season. About 50 per cent of the tests brought favorable reports. 

The Rutgers Tomato is the product of a cross between Marglobe and 
J. T. D., made some years ago on the Campbell Soup Co. Farms. It was later 
turned over to Prof. L. G. Schermerhorn of the New Jersey Experiment 
Station, and, after approximately six generations' selection, was formally 
introduced under the name of Rutgers. Its habit of ripening from the inside 
out should prove valuable to the manufacturer of Tomato products, provided 
the grower can revise his ideas of picking. Under proper balance of soil and 
fertilization, this Tomato should develop good acre yields. Its future place 
of importance will depend largely on the stock-seed control. The seed we 
offer herewith is the product of stock that has been produced from Prof. 
Schermerhorn's stock seed. Up to this time we have not done any of our 
own breeding work on Rutgers. 

Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 50 cts.; Vilb. $1.50; lb. $5 





For over 10 years Super-Standard Bonny Best has shown an excellent profit for a large number of our 
customers. This holds for either hothouse production or intensive field cultivation. It is particularly valuable 
in the northern tier states, where Stokes Master Marglobe cannot reach full maturity. It is now 27 years since 
Walter P. Stokes first offered the original Bonny Best. Obviously in that time many robust Tomatoes have beea 
introduced. The modern type is a vast improvement over its predecessor of three decades ago, but even with all 
these improvements the Bonny Best still holds an important place in the Tomato economy in this country. Our 
Super-Standard strain will produce strong, vigorous vines, with fruit that is unusually large and solid for this 
variety. The flavor of the fruit is delicious. In Wisconsin, Michigan, Ontario, New York, and New England, 
Super-Standard Bonny Best will give very great satisfaction either for market or for manufacture. As one of our 
own introductions, we can still recommend it with assurance. This Super-Standard strain will prove to be a 
worthy one. Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 els.,- Vzoz. 60 cts.,- oz. $1,- V^lb. $3.50; lb. $12. 





Introduced by U. S. Department of Agriculture in 1931. 
Days to maturity: 112. 
Germination: 85 per cent or better. 
Dates of tests: November-December, 1935. 
Ratio of depth to width: 85 per cent. 
Interior: Solid. 
Color: Scarlet when ripe. 
Average weight of fruit: 5 ounces. 

Dr. Fred Pritchard's last origination before 
his untimely death was first introduced by the 
U. S. Department of Agriculture as Scarlet 
Topper. Later, after Dr. Pritchard's passing, 
the Department renamed it in his honor. Al- 
though there has not been the glamor and 
brilliance about the Pritchard Tomato that has 
surrounded Marglobe, it nevertheless is truly 
representative of the skilled work of its origi- 
nator. Being a cross between Marglobe and 
Cooper's Special, its maturity approaches that 
of Bonny Best. The plant has a self-topping 
tendency, and because of this, ammonia in 
some available form is recommended as part 
of its fertilization. We are constantly im- 
pressed with the continuing popularity of the 
Pritchard Tomato. There is a definite place 
for it as a shipping Tomato. 

Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts./ oz. 50 cts. 
lAlb. $1 .50; lb. $5 

The great productiveness of Pritchard is shown in this photograph, 
taken in the garden of Mr. R. N. Neeley, of Sanford, Fla. 

f 14] 



Atlantic Prize 1889 
Sparks' Earliana 1900 
Bonny Best 1908 
Master Marglobe 1930 
Stokesdale 1936 


Introduced by Bolgiano, 1912. 
Certified 1935 by New Jersey 
Department of Agriculture. 
Days to maturity: 12 3. 
Germination: 90 per cent. 
Date of test: November, 1935. 
Disinfection: Mercuric Chloride. 
Ratio of depth to width: 70 per 
cent. Interior: Open. 
Color: Scarlet when ripe. 
Average weight of fruit: 7 oz. 

The Baltimore Tomato seems to thrive best in the limestone soils of Indiana. On account of its susceptibility 
to fusarium wilt, this variety is no longer an important factor in eastern production. Livingston introduced the 
Stone Tomato in 1889, and in 1912 J. Bolgiano introduced the Greater Baltimore, an earlier and deeper type of 
Stone. The stock we offer is grown from the Indiana-Baltimore strain. It is of our own production and carries 
the New Jersey state certification. 

Baltimore is not recommended as a shipping Tomato. Its shape is against it. The tradesman will no longer 
pay the full price for a flat Tomato. The slices just aren't there. Manufacturers of Tomato products have liked 
Baltimore because of its color. On the other hand, we are not impressed with its flavor. The vine-growth is 
medium heavy. The season is late. Provision must be made on the belt for elimination of the blossom-end scar. 

Price, Postpaid: Trade pkt. 25 cts.; oz. 40 cts./ V^lb. $1.25; lb. $4